A brief history of Mosaic Art.
In 2000 BC we find the first mosaics in Chaldean architecture, some columns were covered with mosaics, small cones of clay were actually embedded in the structure of the column, and painted.
However it was in South Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium B.C. was where the first real types of mosaics were found and an early example was in a temple at the ancient city of Ouruk these consisted of pieces of cockleshells, onyx and clay.
During this time we have found a mosaic made from glass pieces signed Gnosis in the 'House of the Abduction of Helen' and this mosaic is now in the Pella Archaeological museum. We have reproduced a small part of this showing a hunt.
However is was the Romans who perhaps made the art of mosaics more widespread and they introduced different techniques and included the following techniques popular: -
Small pieces of stone, enamel and glass, these were coloured mostly square and the pieces were placed close to each other.
This technique was more advanced where pieces were of many shapes and where the pieces were selected for the best shape for where they appeared in the mosaic.
A technique using mainly marble and stone and cut to create colour and patterns.
In this technique developed by the Greeks where pebbles were cemented in plaster.
Some of the best Roman mosaics of this period can be found at Bignor Roman Villa in Sussex.
Mosaics from Bignor Roman Villa.
The art continued to be popular and a good example from the 5th century is the The Good Shepherd: Ravenna, a mosaic in the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia.
During the middle ages mosaics went through a decline however in the 19th century mosaics became popular again and this has continued up to modern times and we at Dewin-Y-Delyn
would like to take a small part in this, please continue through the rest of this section to how we can help you take part in this art form.